State of Missouri


*** NOTICE ***
This page includes a brief summary of provincial/state laws regulating ATV / Off-highway vehicle use current to April 2012. It is not intended as an absolute reference as laws are subject to change without notice and many potential prohibited acts may be covered by other legislation or statutes. It is recommended that you consult with the latest version of state statutes or provincial legislation.
General prohibited acts that may not be covered by specific OHV legislation include trespassing on private property, unlawful use of OHV on public highways, reckless use of off-highway vehicles, operation of off-highway vehicles while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, damage to public or private property or damage to natural habitats or protected areas which are all unlawful in every province and state.
Preamble

ATV's and other off-highway vehicles are regulated in the state of Missouri under TITLE XIX - MOTOR VEHICLES, WATERCRAFT AND AVIATION of Missouri statutes. These statutes cover use of off-highway vehicles on public and private lands.

For more information on Missouri ATV/OHV regulations, please download a copy of the Missouri OHV Act.





Summary of legislation regulating ATV use


Registration required for certain off-highway vehicles
All residents are required to register any off-highway vehicles that are not defined as "Utility Vehicles" or "Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles" and display valid registration decals on the vehicle.

“Recreational Off-Highway Vehicle” is defined as “any motorized vehicle manufactured and used exclusively for off-highway use which is sixty inches or less in width, with an unladen dry weight of one thousand eight hundred fifty pounds or less, traveling on four or more non highway tires, with a non straddle seat, and steering wheel, which may have access to ATV trails.” These units may not be titled or registered.
“Utility vehicle” is defined as “any motorized vehicle manufactured and used exclusively for off-highway use which is sixty-three inches or less in width, with an unladen dry weight of 1,850 pounds or less, traveling on four or six wheels, to be used primarily for landscaping, lawn care, or maintenance purposes.” Utility vehicles do not meet the definition of a motor vehicle or ATV, and will not be titled and registered.



County OHV permit required
As Missouri has no statewide registration of most ATV and off-highway vehicles most counties in Missouri now issue OHV permits for operation on public lands and forest roads in that county. For more information, consult the Missouri OHV Rules



Helmets required
All riders (passengers and operator) under 18 must wear a helmet at all times.



Minimum age
No one under the age of 16 may operate a off-highway vehicle on public lands unless such person is accompanied by and under the direct supervision of a parent or guardian or is accompanied by and under the direct supervision of an adult who is authorized by the operator's parent or guardian to supervise the operator.



Use on public roadways and highways prohibited
Operation of off-highway vehicles on public roadways or highways is prohibited except to cross such roadways.



Restrictions on passengers
No operator may carry a passenger unless the off-highway vehicle is designed to carry a passenger.



Drivers license required
Operation of utility terrain vehicles on public lands requires a valid drivers license.




Please visit our U.S. land use forums for discussions regarding land use and legal issues.




OHV Registration / Permit
All residents are required to register any off-highway vehicles that are not defined as "Utility Vehicles" or "Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles" and display valid registration decals on the vehicle.

“Recreational Off-Highway Vehicle” is defined as “any motorized vehicle manufactured and used exclusively for off-highway use which is sixty inches or less in width, with an unladen dry weight of one thousand eight hundred fifty pounds or less, traveling on four or more non highway tires, with a non straddle seat, and steering wheel, which may have access to ATV trails.” These units may not be titled or registered.
“Utility vehicle” is defined as “any motorized vehicle manufactured and used exclusively for off-highway use which is sixty-three inches or less in width, with an unladen dry weight of 1,850 pounds or less, traveling on four or six wheels, to be used primarily for landscaping, lawn care, or maintenance purposes.” Utility vehicles do not meet the definition of a motor vehicle or ATV, and will not be titled and registered.

As Missouri has no statewide registration of most ATV and off-highway vehicles most counties in Missouri now issue OHV permits for operation on public lands and forest roads in that county. For more information, consult the Missouri OHV Rules

For More Information
This page represents a general summary of applicable state laws which apply to the operation of an off-highway vehicle. Laws are subject to change and laws other than specific off-highway vehicle related laws may be in place which may directly or indirectly apply to the operation of a off-highway vehicle in certain circumstances. Please consult with your state statutes if you have any questions.

For more information on Missouri ATV/OHV regulations, please download a copy of the Missouri OHV Act.