Province of Alberta
*** NOTICE ***
This page includes a brief summary of provincial/state laws regulating ATV / Off-highway vehicle use current to April 2012. It is not intended as an absolute reference as laws are subject to change without notice and many potential prohibited acts may be covered by other legislation or statutes. It is recommended that you consult with the latest version of state statutes or provincial legislation.
General prohibited acts that may not be covered by specific OHV legislation include trespassing on private property, unlawful use of OHV on public highways, reckless use of off-highway vehicles, operation of off-highway vehicles while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, damage to public or private property or damage to natural habitats or protected areas which are all unlawful in every province and state.
Preamble

The operation of off highway vehicles on public lands are regulated in the province of Alberta under section 319 of the Alberta Traffic Safety Act.

These regulations cover use on any and all public lands in the province of Alberta. This includes parks, parkland streets, roads and other public access corridors. Private land use is exempt from these regulations. For more information, download a copy of the Alberta ATV Regulations

Summary of legislation regulating ATV use

Registration Required
All Alberta residents and those individuals holding valid Alberta drivers licenses are required to register their off-highway vehicle through Alberta registries prior to operating on public lands (Crown Land). A valid license plate and registration decals are required to be displayed on the vehicle at all times. Temporary visitors to Alberta are exempt from registration requirements provided that;

     (1) The presence in Alberta is 30 days or less AND

(2) The off-highway vehicle meets all licensing and registration requirements of the owners home  
          province or state.

A person under the age of 18 cannot register a off highway vehicle without the written consent of the child's parents.

Liability insurance required
A valid financial responsibility card (liability insurance) is required for all Alberta residents operating on public lands. Non-residents are required to either hold valid out-of-province liability insurance that is valid while operating in the province of Alberta OR the purchase of temporary liability insurance for the purpose of coverage while operating off highway vehicles on public lands.



Minimum age
A minimum age of 14 is required for operation of an off highway vehicle on public lands. An exemption allows underage operators to ride if they are operating an off highway vehicle appropriate for their size and age and are accompanied by an adult over the age of 18. It is unlawful for a person under the age of 14 to operate an off highway vehicle on or adjacent to a highway, including crossing a highway.
Use on highways or roadways prohibited
It is unlawful to operate an off highway vehicle on a public roadway or highway, including the shoulder area or median.
Required lighting
All off highway vehicles operating on public lands require BOTH of the following lighting;

     (1) A minimum of one headlight, which is white in color and is visible from a distance of 60 meters
          or more;
(2) A minimum of one tail lamp, which is red in color and is visible from a distance of 60 meters or
          more.
Muffler required
All off highway vehicles operating on public lands must be equipped with a muffler system that is equipped with a spark arrestor which prevents sparks and flames from emitting.
Other General Prohibitions
It is unlawful to operate an off highway vehicle on private lands or crown land which is leased to a third party without the prior permission of the landowner or lease holder.



Please visit our Canadian land use forums for discussions regarding land use and legal issues.




OHV Registration / Permit
All Alberta residents and those individual holding Alberta drivers licenses are required to register their off-highway vehicles through Alberta Registries prior to operating on public land. A valid license plate and registration decals are required to be displayed on the vehicle.

Non-residents are exempt provided that they meet all OHV registration and licensing requirements from their home province or state and the duration of operation in the province is 30 days or less. Any operator or vehicle that does not meet these requirements is required to obtain an Alberta registration on the vehicle.

For more information on ATV/OHV use in Alberta, please download the Alberta ATV Regulations